Wearing certain types of high heels may cause a bunion to develop. Additionally, it can come from wearing any type of shoe that has inadequate room for the toes to move freely in. Genetic factors may play a significant role in developing a bunion, in addition to having specific types of medical conditions. It is defined as a large, bony protrusion that gradually forms on the bottom of the big toe, and is considered to be a deformity. Common symptoms that are noticed can include skin that is hard and callused that forms on top of the bunion, and the shape of the foot may appear different. The services of a podiatrist can include an X-ray, which is taken to determine the presence of a bunion, followed by offering correct treatment options, which may include surgery for permanent removal. If you are afflicted with a bunion, it is suggested that you seek the counsel of a podiatrist for proper care.
What Is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why Do Bunions Form?
Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions
How Are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How Are Bunions Treated?
- Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
- Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
- Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
- Orthotics or foot inserts
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Liverpool, Camillus, Skaneateles, and Oswego, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Bunions